Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Voluntary Wheel Running Did Not Alter Gene Expression in 5xFAD Mice, but in Wild-Type Animals Exclusively After One-Day Exercise Bout

Version 1 : Received: 10 February 2021 / Approved: 12 February 2021 / Online: 12 February 2021 (15:03:25 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Wierczeiko, A.; Gammel, L.; Radyushkin, K.; Nguyen, V.T.T.; Todorov, H.; Gerber, S.; Endres, K. Voluntary Wheel Running Did Not Alter Gene Expression in 5xfad Mice, but in Wild-Type Animals Exclusively after One-Day of Physical Activity. Cells 2021, 10, 693. Wierczeiko, A.; Gammel, L.; Radyushkin, K.; Nguyen, V.T.T.; Todorov, H.; Gerber, S.; Endres, K. Voluntary Wheel Running Did Not Alter Gene Expression in 5xfad Mice, but in Wild-Type Animals Exclusively after One-Day of Physical Activity. Cells 2021, 10, 693.

Journal reference: Cells 2021, 10, 693
DOI: 10.3390/cells10030693

Abstract

Physical activity is considered a promising preventive intervention to reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the positive effect of exercise therapy has not been proven conclusively yet, likely due to confounding factors such as varying activity regimens and life or disease stages. To examine the impact of different routines of physical exercise in the early disease stages, we subjected young 5xFAD and wild-type mice to 1-day (acute) and 30-day (chronic) voluntary wheel running and compared them with age-matched sedentary controls. We observed a significant increase in brain lactate levels in acutely trained 5xFAD mice relative to all other experimental groups. Subsequent brain RNA-seq analysis did not reveal major differences in transcriptomic regulation between training durations in 5xFAD mice. In contrast, acute training yielded substantial gene expression changes in wild-type animals relative to their chronically trained and sedentary counterparts. The comparison of 5xFAD and wild-type mice showed the highest transcriptional differences in the chronic and sedentary groups, whereas acute training was associated with much fewer differentially expressed genes. In conclusion, our results suggest that different training durations did not affect the global transcriptome of 3-month-old 5xFAD mice, whereas acute running seemed to induce a similar transcriptional stress state in wild-type animals as already known for 5xFAD mice.

Subject Areas

physical activity; Alzheimer’s disease; 5xFAD; acute, wheel running

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