Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Maghemite in Brazilian Iron Ores: Quantification of the Magnetite-Maghemite Isomorphic Series by X-ray Diffraction and the Rietveld Method, and Confirmation by Independent Methods

Version 1 : Received: 6 February 2021 / Approved: 8 February 2021 / Online: 8 February 2021 (12:13:32 CET)

How to cite: Hiraga, R.; Gomes, O.D.F.M.; Neumann, R. Maghemite in Brazilian Iron Ores: Quantification of the Magnetite-Maghemite Isomorphic Series by X-ray Diffraction and the Rietveld Method, and Confirmation by Independent Methods. Preprints 2021, 2021020200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0200.v1). Hiraga, R.; Gomes, O.D.F.M.; Neumann, R. Maghemite in Brazilian Iron Ores: Quantification of the Magnetite-Maghemite Isomorphic Series by X-ray Diffraction and the Rietveld Method, and Confirmation by Independent Methods. Preprints 2021, 2021020200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0200.v1).

Abstract

Maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) is a mineral formed from magnetite oxidation at low temperatures, an intermediate metastable term of the magnetite to hematite oxidation and could be mixed with both. It has magnetic susceptibility similar to magnetite, crystal structure close to magnetite with which it forms a solid solution, while compositionally it equals hematite. Maghemite is thus easily misidentified as magnetite by X-ray diffraction and/or as hematite by spot chemical analysis in iron ore characterization routines. Nonstoichiometric magnetite could be quantified in samples of Brazilian soils and iron ores by the Rietveld method using a constrained refinement of the X-ray patterns. The results were confirmed by reflected light microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, thus qualitatively validating the method. X-ray diffraction with the refinement of the isomorphic substitution of Fe2+ by Fe3+ along the magnetite-maghemite solid solution could help to suitably characterize maghemite in iron ores, allowing for the evaluation of its ultimate influence on mineral processing, by affecting its surface and breakage properties.

Subject Areas

Iron ore; Maghemite; Nonstoichiometric magnetite; X-Ray diffraction; Ore characterization

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