Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Urban Child Labour in Bangladesh: Determinants and It’s Possible Impacts on Health and Education

Version 1 : Received: 27 January 2021 / Approved: 28 January 2021 / Online: 28 January 2021 (15:39:54 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ahad, M.A.; Chowdhury, M.; Parry, Y.K.; Willis, E. Urban Child Labor in Bangladesh: Determinants and Its Possible Imacts on Health and Education. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 107. Ahad, M.A.; Chowdhury, M.; Parry, Y.K.; Willis, E. Urban Child Labor in Bangladesh: Determinants and Its Possible Imacts on Health and Education. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 107.

Journal reference: Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 107
DOI: 10.3390/socsci10030107

Abstract

1) Background: A significant proportion of child laborers are compelled to work in exploitative environments, experience both deteriorating health and financial loss. The present study sought to determine the factors affecting child labour and the characteristics of their working environment. 2) Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted with 80 child labourers aged 5 to 17 years. Alongside descriptive statistics, a newly devised technique known as Influencing Causes Index (ICI) was administered and tested. 3) Results: The startling demographic findings reveal that peak share of child labourers are young children (12-14 years) and 32.5% child laborers had never attended school. The thorough assessment of determinants reflects that not only poverty, but schooling expenses and lack of access opportunity to primary schools are also the top-ranked push factors to trigger children towards labour. Around 72.5% of children work for over 8 hours a day. A significant proportion of participants received no leave, training, or access to hygiene facilities. The existing pattern of employment and working conditions resulted in musculoskeletal pain and dermatological infections among child labourers (p<0.05). 4) Conclusion: This research suggests that income measures for households, and an education programme for both children and parents would expedite the abolition of child labour.

Subject Areas

Child labor; Working conditions; Poverty; Schooling; Bangladesh

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