Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Leucokinin and Associated Neuropeptides Regulate Multiple Aspects of Physiology and Behavior in Drosophila

Version 1 : Received: 22 January 2021 / Approved: 25 January 2021 / Online: 25 January 2021 (09:23:22 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Nässel, D.R. Leucokinin and Associated Neuropeptides Regulate Multiple Aspects of Physiology and Behavior in Drosophila. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 1940. Nässel, D.R. Leucokinin and Associated Neuropeptides Regulate Multiple Aspects of Physiology and Behavior in Drosophila. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 1940.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 1940
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22041940

Abstract

Leucokinins (LKs) constitute a family of neuropeptides identified in numerous insects and many other invertebrates. The LKs act on G-protein coupled receptors that display only distant relations to other known receptors. In adult Drosophila, 26 neurons/neurosecretory cells of three main types express LK. The four brain interneurons are of two types, and these are implicated in several important functions in the fly’s behavior and physiology, including feeding, sleep-metabolism interactions, state-dependent memory formation, as well as modulation of gustatory sensitivity and nociception. The 22 neurosecretory cells (ABLKs) of the abdominal neuromeres coexpress LK and a diuretic hormone (DH44), and together these regulate water and ion homeostasis and associated stress, as well as food intake. In Drosophila larvae, LK neurons modulate locomotion, escape responses, and aspects of ecdysis behavior. A set of lateral neurosecretory cells, ALKs, in the brain express LK in larvae, but inconsistently so in adults. These ALKs coexpress three other neuropeptides and regulate water and ion homeostasis, feeding and drinking, but the specific role of LK is not yet known. This review summarizes Drosophila data on embryonic lineages of LK neurons, functional roles of individual LK neuron types, interactions with other peptidergic systems, and orchestrating functions of LK.

Subject Areas

Diuretic hormone; sleep, feeding; metabolism; ion transport peptide; tachykinin; short neuropeptide F; insulin-like peptide; neuromodulation

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