Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Nursing Faculty Shortage in Canada: A Review of Contributing Factors

Version 1 : Received: 20 January 2021 / Approved: 22 January 2021 / Online: 22 January 2021 (14:18:36 CET)

How to cite: Boamah, S.A.; Callen, M.; Cruz, E. Nursing Faculty Shortage in Canada: A Review of Contributing Factors. Preprints 2021, 2021010452 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0452.v1). Boamah, S.A.; Callen, M.; Cruz, E. Nursing Faculty Shortage in Canada: A Review of Contributing Factors. Preprints 2021, 2021010452 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0452.v1).

Abstract

Background: Strong nursing faculty is paramount to promote disciplinary leadership and to prepare future nurses for practice. Our understanding of the factors associated with or predictive of nurse faculty retention and/or turnover is lacking. Purpose: The aim of this review is to identify and synthesize the existing literature on factors contributing to nurse faculty shortage in Canada and implications on nursing practice. Methods: A scoping review based on the Arskey and O’Malley’s five stage framework for scoping reviews was undertaken. Utilising the PRISMA protocol, a comprehensive and structured literature search was conducted in five databases of studies published in English.Findings: Limited through search inclusion and relevance of research, nine studies out of 220 papers met the criteria for this review and were thematically analyzed. Identified themes were: supply versus demand; employment conditions; organizational support; and personal factors.Discussion: Impending retirement of faculty, unsupportive leadership, and stressful work environments were frequently reported as significant contributing factors to the faculty shortage.Conclusions: This scoping review provide insights into how Canada’s schools of nursing could engage in grounded efforts to lessen nursing faculty shortage, both nationally and globally. We identified a gap in the literature that indicates that foundational work is needed to create context-specific solutions. The limited studies published in Canada suggests that this is a critical area for future research and funding.

Keywords

nursing faculty shortage; nurse faculty; educator; nursing academic workforce; scoping review; Canada

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