Working Paper Dataset Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Biodiversity Footprint Data of 175 Crops and Pasture at Country Level

Version 1 : Received: 17 January 2021 / Approved: 19 January 2021 / Online: 19 January 2021 (09:01:26 CET)

How to cite: Beyer, R.; Manica, A. Biodiversity Footprint Data of 175 Crops and Pasture at Country Level. Preprints 2021, 2021010367 Beyer, R.; Manica, A. Biodiversity Footprint Data of 175 Crops and Pasture at Country Level. Preprints 2021, 2021010367

Abstract

The destruction of natural habitat for cropland and pastures represents a major threat to global biodiversity. Despite widespread societal concern about biodiversity loss associated with food production, consumers access to quantitative estimates of the impact of crop production on the world’s species has been very limited compared to assessments of other environmental variables such as greenhouse gas emissions or water use. Here, we present a consistent dataset of the biodiversity footprints of pastures and 175 individual crops at country level. The data were generated by combining maps of the global distribution of agricultural areas in the year 2000 with spatially explicit estimates of the biodiversity loss associated with the conversion of natural habitat to farmland. Estimates were derived for three common alternative measures of biodiversity – species richness, threatened species richness, and range rarity – of the world’s mammals, birds, and amphibians. Our dataset provides important quantitative information for food consumers and policy makers, allowing them to take evidence-based decisions to reduce the biodiversity footprint of global food production.

Subject Areas

biodiversity; agriculture

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