Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Ins and Outs of RAS Effector Complexes

Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2021 / Approved: 12 January 2021 / Online: 12 January 2021 (12:29:58 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kiel, C.; Matallanas, D.; Kolch, W. The Ins and Outs of RAS Effector Complexes. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 236. Kiel, C.; Matallanas, D.; Kolch, W. The Ins and Outs of RAS Effector Complexes. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 236.


RAS oncogenes are amongst the most commonly mutated proteins in human cancers. They regulate a wide range of effector pathways that control cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, migration and metabolic status. Including aberrations in these pathways, RAS dependent signaling is altered in more than half of human cancers. Targeting mutant RAS proteins and their downstream oncogenic signaling pathways has been elusive. However, recent results comprising detailed molecular studies, large scale omics studies and computational modeling have painted a new and more comprehensive portrait of RAS signaling that helps us to understand the intricacies of RAS, how its physiological and pathophysiological functions are regulated, and how we can target them. Here, we review these efforts particularly trying to relate the detailed mechanistic studies with global functional studies. We highlight the importance of computational modeling and data integration to derive an actionable understanding of RAS signaling that will allow us to design new mechanism based therapies for RAS mutated cancers.


RAS oncogene; RAS signaling networks; RAS in human cancer; targeting RAS; computational modeling; personalized therapies


Biology and Life Sciences, Anatomy and Physiology

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