Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Can miRNA Indicate Risk of Illness After Continuous Exposure to M. tuberculosis?

Version 1 : Received: 9 January 2021 / Approved: 11 January 2021 / Online: 11 January 2021 (12:59:32 CET)

How to cite: Silva, C.A.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, A.; Gonçalves, W.G.; Pinto, P.; Pantoja, R.P.; Vinasco-Sandoval, T.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, A.; Hutz, M.H.; Vidal, A.; Araújo, G.S.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, Â.; Santos, S. Can miRNA Indicate Risk of Illness After Continuous Exposure to M. tuberculosis?. Preprints 2021, 2021010195 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0195.v1). Silva, C.A.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, A.; Gonçalves, W.G.; Pinto, P.; Pantoja, R.P.; Vinasco-Sandoval, T.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, A.; Hutz, M.H.; Vidal, A.; Araújo, G.S.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, Â.; Santos, S. Can miRNA Indicate Risk of Illness After Continuous Exposure to M. tuberculosis?. Preprints 2021, 2021010195 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0195.v1).

Abstract

Molecular studies regarding regulatory elements such as small ncRNAs and their mechanisms are poorly understood in infectious diseases. Tuberculosis is one of the oldest infectious diseases of humanity, and it is still a challenge to prevent and treat it. The control of the infection as well as its diagnosis are still complex, and treatments used are linked to several side effects. This study aimed to investigate miRNA’s expression profile to identify possible biomarkers for tuberculosis. We applied NGS techniques to investigate miRNA’s global expression profile from blood samples of infected patients with tuberculosis, their respective healthy physicians, and external healthy individuals as controls. Samples from 22 individuals run through a differential expression, target genes, gene set enrichment, and miRNA-gene network analysis. We observed 153 altered miRNAs, among which, only three DEmiRNAs (hsa-let-7g-5p, hsa-miR-486-3p and hsa-miR-4732-5p) were found between the investigated patients and their respective physicians. These DEmiRNAs are suggested to play an important role in granuloma regulation and their immune physiopathology. Our results propose that miRNAs may be involved in immune modulation, regulating the repertoire of genes expressed in the immune system’s cells. Our findings encourage the application of miRNAs as potential biomarkers for tuberculosis.

Subject Areas

miRNA; Tuberculosis; differential expression analysis

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