Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Targeting BRF2 in Cancer Using Repurposed Drugs

Version 1 : Received: 30 December 2020 / Approved: 31 December 2020 / Online: 31 December 2020 (08:49:33 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 16 July 2021 / Approved: 16 July 2021 / Online: 16 July 2021 (11:40:34 CEST)

How to cite: Rashidieh, B.; Molakarimi, M.; Mohseni, A.; Tria, S.; Srihari, S.; Adams, R.C.; Duijf, P.H.; Jones, M.; Khanna, K.K. Targeting BRF2 in Cancer Using Repurposed Drugs. Preprints 2020, 2020120770 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0770.v2). Rashidieh, B.; Molakarimi, M.; Mohseni, A.; Tria, S.; Srihari, S.; Adams, R.C.; Duijf, P.H.; Jones, M.; Khanna, K.K. Targeting BRF2 in Cancer Using Repurposed Drugs. Preprints 2020, 2020120770 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0770.v2).

Abstract

Overexpression of BRF2, a selective subunit of RNA polymerase III, has been shown to be crucial in the development of several types of cancers, including breast cancer and lung squamous cell carcinoma . Predominately, BRF2 acts as a central redox-sensing transcription factor (TF) and is involved in rescuing oxidative stress (OS) -induced apoptosis. Here, we showed a novel link between BRF2 and DNA damage response. Due to the lack of BRF2 specific inhibitors, through virtual and molecular dynamics screening, we identified potential drug candidates that interfere with BRF2-TATA-binding Protein (TBP)-DNA complex interactions based on binding energy, intermolecular, and torsional energy parameters. We experimentally tested Bexarotene as a potential BRF2 inhibitor. We found that Bexarotene (Bex) treatment resulted in a dramatic decline in oxidative stress (Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ))-induced levels of BRF2 and consequently, lead to a decrease in cellular proliferation of cancer cells which may in part be due to drug pretreatment induced reduction of ROS generated by the oxidizing agent. Our data thus, provide the first experimental evidence that BRF2 is a novel player in DNA damage response pathway and Bexarotene can be used as a potential inhibitor to treat cancers with the specific elevation of oxidative stress.

Subject Areas

BRF2; cancer; molecular dynamics simulation; drug repurposing; drug discovery

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 16 July 2021
Commenter: Behnam Rashidieh
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: In this version, we have added in vitro study for candidate drug
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.