Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Serum Selenium Status as Diagnostic Marker for Prognosis in Liver Transplantation

Version 1 : Received: 28 December 2020 / Approved: 29 December 2020 / Online: 29 December 2020 (15:18:30 CET)

How to cite: Gül-Klein, S.; Haxhiraj, D.; Seelig, J.; Kaestner, A.; Hackler, J.; Sun, Q.; Lachmann, N.; Pratschke, J.; Schmelzle, M.; Schomburg, L. Serum Selenium Status as Diagnostic Marker for Prognosis in Liver Transplantation. Preprints 2020, 2020120732 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0732.v1). Gül-Klein, S.; Haxhiraj, D.; Seelig, J.; Kaestner, A.; Hackler, J.; Sun, Q.; Lachmann, N.; Pratschke, J.; Schmelzle, M.; Schomburg, L. Serum Selenium Status as Diagnostic Marker for Prognosis in Liver Transplantation. Preprints 2020, 2020120732 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0732.v1).

Abstract

The trace element selenium (Se) is taken up from the diet and becomes metabolized mainly by hepatocytes. Selenoprotein P (SELENOP) constitutes the liver-derived Se transporter. Biosynthesis of extracellular glutathione peroxidase (GPx3) in kidney depends on SELENOP-mediated Se supply. We hypothesized that Se status may serve as a useful prognostic marker for outcome in patients undergoing liver transplantation. Serum samples from patients were routinely collected before and after transplantation. Concentration of serum SELENOP and total Se as well as GPx3 activity were determined by standardized tests and related to survival, aetiology and pre-operative Child-Pugh and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease Scores. A total of 314 serum samples from 78 transplanted patients were available for analysis. The Se and SELENOP concentrations were on average below the reference ranges of healthy subjects. Patients with ethanol toxicity-dependent aetiology showed particularly low SELENOP and Se concentrations and GPx3 activity. Longitudinal analysis indicated declining Se concentrations in non-survivors. We conclude that severe liver disease necessitating organ replacement is characterized by a pronounced Se deficit before, during and after transplantation. A recovering Se status after surgery is associated with positive prognosis, and an adjuvant Se supplementation may thus support convalescence.

Subject Areas

trace element; liver transplantation; selenoprotein P; glutathione peroxidase; hepatitis C virus

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