Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effectiveness of Protected Areas in the Pan-Tropics and International Aid for Conservation

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2020 / Approved: 21 December 2020 / Online: 21 December 2020 (15:35:25 CET)

How to cite: Kim, D.; Anand, A. Effectiveness of Protected Areas in the Pan-Tropics and International Aid for Conservation. Preprints 2020, 2020120532 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0532.v1). Kim, D.; Anand, A. Effectiveness of Protected Areas in the Pan-Tropics and International Aid for Conservation. Preprints 2020, 2020120532 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0532.v1).

Abstract

Evaluation of the effectiveness of protected areas is critical for forest conservation policies and priorities. To evaluate their effectiveness, we used 30-m resolution forest cover change data between 1990 and 2010 for ~4,000 protected areas and analyzed the relationships of the effectiveness of protected areas with socio-economic variables. Our results show that protected areas in the Tropics avoided 83,500 ± 21,200 km2 of deforestation during the 2000s. Brazil’s protected areas have the largest amount of avoided deforestation of 50,000 km2. We also show the amount of international aid received by tropical countries compared to the effectiveness of protected areas. International aid had major benefits in Latin America led by Brazil while tropical Asian countries used the resource ineffectively. Our results demonstrate that protected areas have been relatively more efficient in countries where deforestation pressures were increasing, and governance and forest change monitoring capacity are important factors for enhancing the efficacy of international aid.

Subject Areas

Protected area; tropical deforestation; international aid; conservation; remote sensing

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