Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Interactive Effects of Temperature, Water, and Nitrogen Availability on the Growth, Floral Traits, and Pollination of White Mustard, Sinapis alba

Version 1 : Received: 17 December 2020 / Approved: 18 December 2020 / Online: 18 December 2020 (08:55:25 CET)

How to cite: Akter, A.; Klečka, J. Interactive Effects of Temperature, Water, and Nitrogen Availability on the Growth, Floral Traits, and Pollination of White Mustard, Sinapis alba. Preprints 2020, 2020120449 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0449.v1). Akter, A.; Klečka, J. Interactive Effects of Temperature, Water, and Nitrogen Availability on the Growth, Floral Traits, and Pollination of White Mustard, Sinapis alba. Preprints 2020, 2020120449 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0449.v1).

Abstract

Climate change is likely to have a complex effect on the growth of plants, their phenology, plant-pollinator interactions, and reproductive success. Therefore, we tested the impact of three key factors (temperature, water, and nitrogen supply) on traits, pollination, and seed production in Sinapis alba (Brassicaceae). We grew the plants in different combinations of temperature, water, and nitrogen supplementation, measured multiple vegetative and floral traits, and assessed the response of pollinators in the field. We also evaluated the effect of growing conditions on seed set in plants exposed to pollinators and hand-pollinated plants. Our results show that water stress impaired vegetative growth, decreased flower production, reduced visitation by pollinators and seed set, while nitrogen availability played an important role in nectar production. Temperature modulated the effect of water and nitrogen availability on vegetative and floral traits and strongly affected flowering phenology and flower production. We demonstrated that changes in temperature, water, and nitrogen availability induce changes in plant vegetative and floral traits which impact flower visitation and consequently plant reproduction. Climate change, particularly increasing temperature combined with reduced precipitation, thus may impact plant-pollinator interactions with negative consequences for the reproduction of wild plants and insect-pollinated crops.

Subject Areas

climate change; crop pollination; functional traits; global warming; pollination; seed production; self-incompatibility; Sinapis alba

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