Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middleaged Russian Women Associated With Their Lifestyle: Factors and Indicators

Version 1 : Received: 7 December 2020 / Approved: 9 December 2020 / Online: 9 December 2020 (11:10:52 CET)

How to cite: Saporovskaia, M.V.; Kryukova, T.L.; Voronina, M.E.; Tikhomirova, E.V.; Samokhvalova, A.G.; Khazova, S.A. A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middleaged Russian Women Associated With Their Lifestyle: Factors and Indicators. Preprints 2020, 2020120219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0219.v1). Saporovskaia, M.V.; Kryukova, T.L.; Voronina, M.E.; Tikhomirova, E.V.; Samokhvalova, A.G.; Khazova, S.A. A Decrease in Psycho-Emotional Health in Middleaged Russian Women Associated With Their Lifestyle: Factors and Indicators. Preprints 2020, 2020120219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0219.v1).

Abstract

The present study is aimed to determine the predicting role of objective (lifestyle) and subjective factors of middle-aged women’s psycho-emotional health such as their attitude towards parents, attachment and separation types. Women who are overloaded with professional and family roles have high stress level, their indicators of psychological well-being and emotional level decrease when they have to give everyday care to their elderly parents. (2) Methods: Sample consists of 146 women aged 38 to 56 ( =41.1, ó=3.5), married (70.5%) and divorced (29.5%), having children of 14-28 years old; giving everyday care to elderly parents for more than 1.5 yrs. Some live separately (62.3 %), or have to cohabitate with parents (37.7%). All women evaluate their life situation as difficult and manifest signs of high psycho-emotional stress. We used methods adapted for the Russian-speaking sample: getting socio-demographic information, an interview; Attachment style and Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaires (study 1); Psychological Separation Inventory, Purpose-in-Life Test, projective methods of incomplete sentences and metaphors` analysis (study 2), mathematical statistics. (3) Results: A number of factors and indicators of women`s psycho-emotional health decrease in the situation of role overload have been identified. Among the factors there are four main types of women’s attitudes towards parents: strong (anxious), distancing, ambivalent, normative closeness, predicting low indicators of psycho-emotional health: dependence on the others` opinions and feedbacks in making decisions, a lack of meaningfulness of life; reduced sense of control over life are showing the decrease. Anxiety about future and neurotic symptoms (increased demands on oneself, irritability, reduced emotional background) distinguish these respondents. (4) Conclusions: The study confirms that middle-aged Russian women`s psycho-emotional health depends on contextual factors (difficult role-overloaded lifestyle) and factors integrating women`s attitudes towards parents, attachment and separation types. Among the most important risk factors there are a difficult life situation, conflict separation type and gilt.

Subject Areas

women; health; psycho-emotional well-being; factors; attitudes towards parents; attachment

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