Preprint Hypothesis Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Somatic Rhythmic Motion Effective on Peristaltic Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid: Hypothesis for Music- and Sport-Based Interventions

Version 1 : Received: 4 December 2020 / Approved: 7 December 2020 / Online: 7 December 2020 (12:34:58 CET)

How to cite: Tan, H.; Chiles, T.; Li, Y.; Zhang, T.; Liu, H.; Jia, Y.; Hou, W.; Wang, X.; Rao, C.; Wei, Z.; Xu, X.; Wen, X.; Tian, S. Somatic Rhythmic Motion Effective on Peristaltic Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid: Hypothesis for Music- and Sport-Based Interventions. Preprints 2020, 2020120148 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0148.v1). Tan, H.; Chiles, T.; Li, Y.; Zhang, T.; Liu, H.; Jia, Y.; Hou, W.; Wang, X.; Rao, C.; Wei, Z.; Xu, X.; Wen, X.; Tian, S. Somatic Rhythmic Motion Effective on Peristaltic Circulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid: Hypothesis for Music- and Sport-Based Interventions. Preprints 2020, 2020120148 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0148.v1).

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting neurons (CSF-N) located in the surface of both brain ventricles and the central canal (cc) in the spinal cord. The cc and CSF maintain a proliferative niche for neural progenitor cells and play a vital role in development of the brain. The CSF circulates in the ventricles and the subarachnoid spaces with the CSF rhythmic flow: cardiac pulsation and respiratory fluctuation. A new concept of CSF motion may be contrary to the classical one that the direction of CSF motion may vary in direction and may be dynamic in its location. The CSF pressure may also depend on the body position. Moderate music-making has been considered a potential approach for rehabilitative and restorative therapy of brain dysfunctions. Recently, we find that the CSF-Ns are present in both the interior CFS in the cc and also exterior CSF around the surface of the spinal cord. We hypothesize that CSF-N as mechanical sensors in the spinal cord could sense motion of the spinal cord. The myodural bridge is a ligament connecting a pair of deep, upper-neck muscles to the dura mater, which envelops the arachnoid mater and contains the CSF surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. We figure out the term “CSF-static compartment” and classify CSF storage location as rostral pool and caudal pool to demonstrate our hypothesis. We presume that the somatic body movement with music-making and rehabilitation-based interventions would orchestrate the CSF motion with head movement, myodural bridge stretching and puling as well as spinal bending.

Subject Areas

Music-making; Cerebrospinal fluid; Myodural bridge; Somatic rhythmic motion; CSF-static compartment

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