Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Impact of the Lubricant Dose on the Reduction of Wear of QRO90 Steel Dies Used in the Forging Process of the Valve Forging Made of High-Nickel Steel

Version 1 : Received: 2 December 2020 / Approved: 3 December 2020 / Online: 3 December 2020 (07:36:43 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Dworzak, Ł.; Hawryluk, M.; Janik, M. The Impact of the Lubricant Dose on the Reduction of Wear Dies Used in the Forging Process of the Valve Forging. Materials 2021, 14, 212. Dworzak, Ł.; Hawryluk, M.; Janik, M. The Impact of the Lubricant Dose on the Reduction of Wear Dies Used in the Forging Process of the Valve Forging. Materials 2021, 14, 212.

Journal reference: Materials 2021, 14, 212
DOI: 10.3390/ma14010212

Abstract

TThe paper presents the results of research on the influence of the settings of lubrication and cooling system parameters (solenoid valve opening time and lubricant feed pressure in terms of its quantity) in order to select the optimal lubricating conditions and thus reduce the wear of the dies used in the first forging operation of the valve forging made of high-nickel steel. Based on the observation of lubrication in the industrial process, it was found that a significant part of the lubricant fails to reach the die cavity, reaching the outside of it, which causes die wear due to seizure resulting from adhesion of the forging material to the tool surface, as well as high lubricant consumption and dirt in the press chamber. The authors proposed their own mobile lubricating and cooling system, which allows for a wide range of adjustments and provided with automatic cleaning procedures of the entire system, unlike the fixed lubrication system used so far in the industrial process. First, tests were carried out in laboratory conditions to determine the highest wettability and the lubricant remaining inside the tool cavity. These tests determined the lubrication system parameter settings which ensured that the greatest amount of lubricant remains in the cold die cavity without the forging process. Then, to verify the obtained results, tests were carried out in the industrial process of hot die forging of valve forgings, for short production runs of up to 500 forgings. The results were compared with the measurement of changes in the geometry of tools and forgings based on 3D scanning and surface topography analysis with the use of SEM. For best results (the variant of the setting of the dose and the time of exposure to lubricant), the forging process was carried out with the use of a new tool, up to the maximum service life.

Subject Areas

lubrication; wear; cooling-lubrication system; valve forging; 3D scanning

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