Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Young Spanish Adults and Disinformation: Do They Identify and Spread Fake News and are They Literate in It?

Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2020 / Approved: 1 December 2020 / Online: 1 December 2020 (13:13:27 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

de Vicente Domínguez, A.M.; Beriain Bañares, A.; Sierra Sánchez, J. Young Spanish Adults and Disinformation: Do They Identify and Spread Fake News and Are They Literate in It? Publications 2021, 9, 2. de Vicente Domínguez, A.M.; Beriain Bañares, A.; Sierra Sánchez, J. Young Spanish Adults and Disinformation: Do They Identify and Spread Fake News and Are They Literate in It? Publications 2021, 9, 2.

Journal reference: Publications 2021, 9, 2
DOI: 10.3390/publications9010002

Abstract

The infodiet of young Spanish adults aged 18 to 25 was analysed to determine their attitude towards fake news. The objectives were: to establish whether they have received any training in fake news; to determine whether they know how to identify fake information; and to investigate whether they spread it. The study employed a descriptive quantitative method consisting of a survey of 500 representative interviews of the Spanish population aged between 18 and 25 through a structured questionnaire. The results indicate that they are aware of the importance of training, although generally they do not know of any course and when they do, they do not tend to enrol on one either due to lack of interest or time. These young adults feel that they know how to identify fake content and, moreover, that they know how to do so very well. However, they do not use the best tools. While they do not always verify information, they mainly suspect the credibility of information when it is meaningless. However, they do not tend to spread fake information. We conclude that media information literacy training (MILT) is necessary in educational centres that focuses on the main issues identified.

Subject Areas

fake news; young adults; Spain

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