Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Hadron-Quark Phase Transition in the SU(3) Local Nambu – Jona-Lasinio (NJL) Model with Vector Interaction

Version 1 : Received: 26 November 2020 / Approved: 27 November 2020 / Online: 27 November 2020 (20:18:36 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alaverdyan, G. Hadron–Quark Phase Transition in the SU (3) Local Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) Model with Vector Interaction. Symmetry 2021, 13, 124. Alaverdyan, G. Hadron–Quark Phase Transition in the SU (3) Local Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) Model with Vector Interaction. Symmetry 2021, 13, 124.

Journal reference: Symmetry 2021, 13, 124
DOI: 10.3390/sym13010124

Abstract

We study the hadron-quark hybrid equation of state (EOS) of compact-star matter. The Nambu—Jona-Lasinio (NJL) local SU(3) model with vector-type interaction is used to describe the quark matter phase, while the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory with scalar-isovector $\delta$-meson effective field adopted to describe the hadronic matter phase. It is shown that the larger the vector coupling constant, the lower the threshold density for the appearance of strange quarks. For a sufficiently small value of the vector coupling constant, the functions of the mass dependence on the baryonic chemical potential have regions of ambiguity which leads to a phase transition in non-strange quark matter with an abrupt change in the baryon number density. We show that within the framework of the NJL model, the hypothesis on the absolute stability of strange quark matter is not realized. In order to describe the phase transition from hadronic matter to quark matter, the Maxwell's construction is applied. It is shown that the greater the vector coupling, the greater the stiffness of the EOS for quark matter and the phase transition pressure. Our results indicate that the infinitesimal core of the quark phase, formed in the center of the neutron star, is stable.

Subject Areas

quark matter; NJL model; RMF theory; deconfinement phase transition; Maxwell construction

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