Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Environmental Assessment of the Vehicle Operation Process

Version 1 : Received: 25 November 2020 / Approved: 27 November 2020 / Online: 27 November 2020 (07:27:37 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mrozik, M.; Merkisz-Guranowska, A. Environmental Assessment of the Vehicle Operation Process. Energies 2021, 14, 76. Mrozik, M.; Merkisz-Guranowska, A. Environmental Assessment of the Vehicle Operation Process. Energies 2021, 14, 76.

Journal reference: Energies 2020, 14, 76
DOI: 10.3390/en14010076

Abstract

The environmental safety of a car is currently one of the most important indicators of the vehicle competitiveness and quality in the consumer market. Currently, the assessment of the ecological properties of vehicles can be made based on various criteria. In the case of combustion-powered cars, the most attention is usually paid to the values characterizing their use, and in the environmental assessment, first of all to pollutant emissions and operational fuel consumption. The proposed article considers the possibility of using the life cycle assessment to analyze the ecological properties of a passenger car during its operation. A simplified LCA method of the vehicle was presented, which in strictly defined cases can be used for the analysis of environmental impacts and the assessment of the energy analysis related to its operation. For this purpose, a vehicle life cycle model was developed. Data on the operation of 33 passenger cars of different manufacturers with similar operational characteristics, coming from different production periods, were analyzed in detail. The obtained results were found to be highly sensitive to the assumptions made in the article.

Subject Areas

internal combustion engine vehicle; life cycle assessment (LCA); energy analysis

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