Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sustainability and Resilience in Smart City Planning: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 17 November 2020 / Approved: 18 November 2020 / Online: 18 November 2020 (23:15:39 CET)

How to cite: Ramirez Lopez, L.J.; Grijalba Castro, A.I. Sustainability and Resilience in Smart City Planning: A Review. Preprints 2020, 2020110487 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0487.v1). Ramirez Lopez, L.J.; Grijalba Castro, A.I. Sustainability and Resilience in Smart City Planning: A Review. Preprints 2020, 2020110487 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0487.v1).

Abstract

Urban planning is recognized as an interaction between the state and society, which aims to articulate public policies in the territory, facilitating their administration in favor of greater development and well-being of society. However, this interaction becomes complex because consumption demands increase, and the needs of the community exceed the capacity of the urban ecosystem to supply them, hindering its sustainable functionality. With this panorama, it becomes relevant to study urban planning from a sustainable environmental planning perspective, based on four topics: urban planning, sustainability, resilience and smart cities. The methodology used is based on a bibliometric study through a PRISMA adjustment to 87 articles, supported by VOSviewer® to construct and visualize the co-occurrence networks of important terms extracted from a body of scientific literature. The main result is to consider cities with a complex systems approach that works like a gear, that is, there is a connective element between inter- and intra-urban processes. This relationship is the key factor that allows understanding their synchronization, stating that the deepening of each of these topics is crucial to the ideal of a territorial administration through time scales, by means of adaptive cycles, allowing to provide new tools to concepts such as carrying capacity and the measurement of the environmental footprint.

Subject Areas

Planning; resilience; territory; Smart City; Sustainability

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