Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

UDTN-RS: A New Underwater Delay Tolerant Network Routing Protocol for Facilitating Coastal Patrol and Surveillance Networks

Version 1 : Received: 16 November 2020 / Approved: 17 November 2020 / Online: 17 November 2020 (14:06:30 CET)

How to cite: Neffati, A.A.; Azad, S.; Mahmud, M.; Awang, S.; Zamli, K.Z.; Kaiser, M.S.; Aseeri, M.A.; Ahmed, M.R. UDTN-RS: A New Underwater Delay Tolerant Network Routing Protocol for Facilitating Coastal Patrol and Surveillance Networks. Preprints 2020, 2020110453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0453.v1). Neffati, A.A.; Azad, S.; Mahmud, M.; Awang, S.; Zamli, K.Z.; Kaiser, M.S.; Aseeri, M.A.; Ahmed, M.R. UDTN-RS: A New Underwater Delay Tolerant Network Routing Protocol for Facilitating Coastal Patrol and Surveillance Networks. Preprints 2020, 2020110453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0453.v1).

Abstract

The Coastal Patrol and Surveillance Application (CPSA) is developed and deployed to detect, track and monitor water vessel traffic using automated devices. Latest advancements of marine technologies, including the Automatic Underwater Vehicles, have allowed the development of this type of applications. To facilitate their operations, installation of a Coastal Patrol and Surveillance Network (CPSN) is mandatory. One of the primary design objectives of this network is to deliver adequate amount of data within an effective time period. This is particularly essential for reporting a detection and notifying the current status of an intruder’s vessel through the adverse underwater communication channels. Additionally, intermittent connectivity of the nodes remain another important obstacle to overcome to allow smooth functioning of CPSA. Taking these objectives and obstacles into account, this work proposes a new protocol, named UDTN-RS, which is developed by ensembling forward error correction technique (namely Reed-Solomon codes or RS) in Underwater Delay Tolerant Network (UDTN) routing protocol with probabilistic spraying technique. In addition, the existing binary packet spraying technique is enhanced for supporting encoded packet exchange between the contacting nodes. A comprehensive simulation campaign is performed in identifying the effectiveness of the proposed protocol. The obtained results suggest that the proposed UDTN-RS protocol can be considered a suitable alternative of the existing protocols for sparse networks like CPSN.

Subject Areas

coastal patrol and surveillance network; UDTN-Prob; UDTN-RS; DTN networks; DTN routing protocols; DESERT underwater simulator

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