Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Transport of Au(III) from HCl medium across a liquid membrane using R3NH+Cl-/toluene immobilized on a microporous hydrophobic support: optimization and modelling

Version 1 : Received: 12 November 2020 / Approved: 13 November 2020 / Online: 13 November 2020 (10:57:44 CET)

How to cite: Alguacil, F.J.; Alcaraz, L.; Rodríguez Largo, O.; López, F.A. Transport of Au(III) from HCl medium across a liquid membrane using R3NH+Cl-/toluene immobilized on a microporous hydrophobic support: optimization and modelling. Preprints 2020, 2020110371 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0371.v1). Alguacil, F.J.; Alcaraz, L.; Rodríguez Largo, O.; López, F.A. Transport of Au(III) from HCl medium across a liquid membrane using R3NH+Cl-/toluene immobilized on a microporous hydrophobic support: optimization and modelling. Preprints 2020, 2020110371 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0371.v1).

Abstract

By the use of the tertiary amine A327 and 1 M HCl solution as precursors, the ionic liquid A327H+Cl- was generated and used to investigate its performance in the transport of Au(III) form hydrochloric acid medium. The influence of the stirring speed (600-1800 min-1), ionic liquid concentration (1.25-50% v/v) in the membrane phase and gold concentration (0.01-0.15 g/L) in the feed phase on metal transport have been investigated. An equation which included both equilibrium and kinetics parameters was derived, and the membrane diffusional resistance (Δm) and feed phase diffusional resistance (Δf) was estimated as 9.5x106 s/cm and 307 s/cm, respectively. At carrier concentrations in the 5-50% v/v range and gold concentrations in the 0.01-0.15 g/L range, metal transport is controlled by diffusion of metal species through the feed boundary layer, whereas at the lowest carrier concentrations, membrane diffusion is predominant. From the receiving solutions, gold can be recovered as gold nanoparticles.

Subject Areas

membrane transport; A327H+Cl- ionic liquid; gold; hydrochloric acid; nanoparticles.

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