Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Magnetic/Polyetherimide-Acrylonitrile Composite Nanofibers for Nickel Ions Removal from Aqueous Solution

Version 1 : Received: 10 November 2020 / Approved: 12 November 2020 / Online: 12 November 2020 (18:06:21 CET)

How to cite: Aijaz, M.O.; Karim, M.R.; Alharbi, H.F.; Alharthi, N.H.; Al-Mubaddel, F. Magnetic/Polyetherimide-Acrylonitrile Composite Nanofibers for Nickel Ions Removal from Aqueous Solution. Preprints 2020, 2020110358 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0358.v1). Aijaz, M.O.; Karim, M.R.; Alharbi, H.F.; Alharthi, N.H.; Al-Mubaddel, F. Magnetic/Polyetherimide-Acrylonitrile Composite Nanofibers for Nickel Ions Removal from Aqueous Solution. Preprints 2020, 2020110358 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0358.v1).

Abstract

Within the study, magnetic/polyetherimide-acrylonitrile composite nanofibers membrane with effective adsorption of nickel ions in aqueous solution were established, through a simple electrospinning method. Iron oxide nanoparticles were stirred and ultrasonically dispersed into polyetherimide-acrylonitrile solution for homogenous suspension. Afterwards, the polyetherimide-acrylonitrile solution with uniform suspension of iron nanoparticles was used in electrospinning machine to produce uniform and smooth nanofibers composite membrane. The confirmation of nanoparticles incorporation into polymeric membrane were characterized by SEM, EDX, FTIR, XRD and nanoparticles aqueous stability through leach out test. The high adsorption capability of the composite membranes on nickel ions was mainly attributed to the combination of magnetic nanoparticles, polyetherimide-acrylonitrile matrix and nano-sized structure of membrane. Membrane containing magnetic nanoparticles demonstrate the maximum adsorption capabilities (102 mg/g) for nickel ions from aqueous solution. Different kinetics and isotherm models were applied to understand the adsorption behavior during adsorption process, amongst them pseudo second order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm model were well fitted. Additionally, EDX, FTIR and XRD results confirmed the presence of nickel ions onto membrane after adsorption process. Polyetherimide-acrylonitrile composite nanofibers membranes containing magnetic nanoparticles may use as an environmentally-friendly and non-toxic adsorbent for the removal of nickel ions in aqueous medium due to its ease of preparation, easy to use and stability in aqueous medium by retaining the nanoparticles inside the nanofibers membranes.

Subject Areas

Polyetherimide; polyacrylonitrile; nanofiber membranes; magnetic nanoparticles; nickel ions

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