Pîrvu, C.; Musteată, A.E.; Ojoc, G.G.; Deleanu, L. Numerical and Experimental Results on Charpy Tests for Blends Polypropylene + Polyamide + Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (PP + PA + EPDM). Materials2020, 13, 5837.
Pîrvu, C.; Musteată, A.E.; Ojoc, G.G.; Deleanu, L. Numerical and Experimental Results on Charpy Tests for Blends Polypropylene + Polyamide + Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (PP + PA + EPDM). Materials 2020, 13, 5837.
This paper presents results from numerical and experimental investigation on Charpy tests in order to point out failure mechanisms and to evaluate new polymeric blends PP+PA6+EPDM. Charpy tests were done for initial velocity of the impactor of 0.96 m/s and its mass of 3.219 kg and these data were also introduced in the finite element model. The proposed model take into account the system of four balls, including support and the ring of fixing the three balls and it has a finer discretization of the impact area to highlight the mechanisms of failure and their development in time. The constitutive models for four materials (polypropylene with 1% Kritilen, two blends PP+PA6+EPDM and a blend PA6+EPDM) were derived from tensile tests. Running simulations for each constitutive model of material makes possible to differentiate the destruction mechanisms according to the material introduced in the simulation, including the initiation and the development of the crack(s), based on equivalent plastic strain at break (EPS) for each material. The validation of the model and the simulation results was done qualitatively, analysing the shape of broken surfaces and comparing them to SEM images and quantitatively by comparing the impact duration, energy absorbed by the sample, the value of maximum force during impact. The duration of the destruction of the specimen is longer than the actual one, explainable by the fact that the material model does not take into account the influence of the material deformation speed in Charpy test, the model being designed with the help of tests done at 0.016 m/s (1000 mm/min) (maximum strain rate for the tensile tests). Experimental results are encouraging for recommending the blends 20% PP+42% PA6+28% EPDM and 60% PA6+ 40%EPDM as materials for impact protection at low velocity (1m/s). Simulation results are closer to the experimental ones for the more brittle tested materials (with less content of PA6 and EPDM) and more distanced for the more ductile materials (with higher content of PA6 and EPDM).
Charpy test; PA6; PP; EPDM; simulation; FE analysis; constitutive model; tensile test
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