Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Influence of the Environment on the Patient-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physical Therapy: A Qualitative Study

Version 1 : Received: 7 November 2020 / Approved: 9 November 2020 / Online: 9 November 2020 (10:02:48 CET)

How to cite: Morera-Balaguer, J.; Martínez-González, M.C.; del Río-Medina, S.; Zamora-Conesa, V.; Leal-Clavel, M.; Botella-Rico, J.M.; Rodríguez-Nogueira, Ó. The Influence of the Environment on the Patient-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physical Therapy: A Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020110269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0269.v1). Morera-Balaguer, J.; Martínez-González, M.C.; del Río-Medina, S.; Zamora-Conesa, V.; Leal-Clavel, M.; Botella-Rico, J.M.; Rodríguez-Nogueira, Ó. The Influence of the Environment on the Patient-Centered Therapeutic Relationship in Physical Therapy: A Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020110269 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0269.v1).

Abstract

Currently, in the scientific literature there is a great interest on the study of strategies to implement patient-centered care. One of the main tools for this is the therapeutic relationship. Some studies suggest that the perception of the environment in which the physical therapy treatment takes place can influence the perception of its quality. A qualitative study using focus groups was performed. Two researchers conducted the focus groups, using a topic guide with predetermined questions. The focus group discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically using a modified grounded theory approach. The setting was three hospitals and six public health centers located in Spain. The inclusion criteria were patients who had received a minimum of 15 physical therapy sessions and with no communication impairments. Thirty-one participants in four focus groups. Participants described a series of specific experiences relating to the environment, which they felt were influential in the establishment of therapeutic patient-centered relationships, including eight physical factors and five organizational factors. The results of this study highlight environmental factors that affect the quality of the therapeutic patient-centered relationship in physical therapy and emphasize the need for physical therapists and administrators to rethink the situation and propose strategies for improvement.

Subject Areas

patient centered care; physical therapy; professional-patient relations; therapeutic relationship; environment.

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