Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mobility and Health in the Context of Climate Change: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Synthesis of Policy Recommendations

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2020 / Approved: 2 November 2020 / Online: 2 November 2020 (20:04:03 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 12 November 2020 / Approved: 12 November 2020 / Online: 12 November 2020 (11:39:36 CET)

How to cite: Nayna Schwerdtle, P.; Stockemer, J.; Bowen, K.; Sauerborn, R.; McMichael, C.; Danquah, I. Mobility and Health in the Context of Climate Change: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Synthesis of Policy Recommendations. Preprints 2020, 2020110072 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0072.v1). Nayna Schwerdtle, P.; Stockemer, J.; Bowen, K.; Sauerborn, R.; McMichael, C.; Danquah, I. Mobility and Health in the Context of Climate Change: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Synthesis of Policy Recommendations. Preprints 2020, 2020110072 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0072.v1).

Abstract

Changing mobility patterns combined with changes in the climate present challenges and opportunities for global health, requiring effective, relevant and humane policy responses. This systematic literature review sought to synthesize the existing policy recommendations related to the literature examining the intersection of climate change, migration and health to strengthen the evidence-base. Systematic searches were conducted in four academic databases (PubMed, Ovid Medline, Global Health and Scopus) and Google Scholar for empirical studies published between 1990 – 2020 that used any study design to investigate migration and health in the context of climate change. Studies underwent a two-stage protocol-based screening process and eligible studies were appraised for quality using a standardized mixed-methods tool. From the initial 2,425 hits, 68 articles were appraised for quality and included in the synthesis. Among the policy recommendations, six themes were discernible: (1) avoid the universal promotion of migration as an adaptive response to climate risk; (2) preserve cultural and social ties of mobile populations; (3) enable the participation of migrants in decision-making in sites of relocation and resettlement; (4) strengthen health systems and reduce barriers for migrants to access health care; (5) support and promote optimization of social determinants of migrant health; (6) integrate health into loss and damage assessments related to climate change. The results call for transformative policies that support the health and wellbeing of people engaging in, or affected by mobility responses, including those whose migration decisions and experiences are influenced by climate change, and to establish and develop inclusive migrant healthcare.

Subject Areas

Climate Change; Policy; Migration; Health; Governance

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