Sawaisorn, P.; Atjanasuppat, K.; Anurathapan, U.; Chutipongtanate, S.; Hongeng, S. Strategies to Improve Chimeric Antigen Receptor Therapies for Neuroblastoma. Vaccines2020, 8, 753.
Sawaisorn, P.; Atjanasuppat, K.; Anurathapan, U.; Chutipongtanate, S.; Hongeng, S. Strategies to Improve Chimeric Antigen Receptor Therapies for Neuroblastoma. Vaccines 2020, 8, 753.
Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is one of the curative immunotherapeutic approaches that exploit the antigen specificity and cytotoxicity function of potent immune cells against cancers. Neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial pediatric solid tumors with diverse comportment, could be a promising candidate for using CARs therapies. Several methods harness CARs modified cells in neuroblastoma to increase therapeutic efficiency, albeit the assessment has still been less successful. Regarding the improvement of CARs, various trials have been launched to overcome insufficient capacity. However, the reason behind the inadequate response against neuroblastoma of CARs modified cells are still not well understood. It is essential to update the present reveal of comprehension of CARs to improve the efficiency of CARs therapies. This review summarizes the crucial features of CARs and its design for neuroblastoma, discusses challenges that impact the outcomes of the immunotherapeutic competence, and focuses on devising strategies currently investigated to improve the efficacy of CARs for neuroblastoma immunotherapy.
CAR T cells; immunotherapy; pediatric neuroblastoma; strategy
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