Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 28 October 2020 / Approved: 29 October 2020 / Online: 29 October 2020 (13:24:11 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Nosratabadi, S.; Khazami, N.; Abdallah, M.B.; Lackner, Z.; S. Band, S.; Mosavi, A.; Mako, C. Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Foods 2020, 9, 1650. Nosratabadi, S.; Khazami, N.; Abdallah, M.B.; Lackner, Z.; S. Band, S.; Mosavi, A.; Mako, C. Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Foods 2020, 9, 1650.

Journal reference: Foods 2020, 9, 1650
DOI: 10.3390/foods9111650

Abstract

Social capital creates a synergy that brings many benefits to members of a community. Thus, the main objective of this article was to examine whether social capital can improve a society's food security. If yes, how? To answer these questions, a systematic literature review was conducted using the Prisma approach. The output of this method led to finding 39 related articles. Precise studying these articles illustrated that social capital improves food security through two mechanisms of knowledge sharing and product sharing (i.e., sharing food products). It revealed that social capital through improving the food security pillars (i.e., food availability, food accessibility, food utilization, and food system stability) affects food security. In other words, the interaction among the members of the community results in sharing food products and information among community members, and this facilitates food availability and access to food. There are many shreds of evidence in the literature that sharing food and food product among the community member decreases household food security and provides the healthy nutrition to the vulnerable families and improve the food utilization pillar of food security. In addition, it is disclosed that belonging to the social networks increases the resilience of the community members and decreases the vulnerability of the community that subsequently strengthens the stability of a food system. This study contributes to the common literature on food security and social capital by providing a conceptual model based on the literature. In addition to researchers, policymakers can use the finding of this study to provide solutions to address food insecurity problems.

Subject Areas

social capital; food security; hunger; knowledge sharing; social networks

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