Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

General Canonical Variational Principle and Noether Theorem, Their New Classical and Quantum Physics, Solution to Crisis Deducing All Physics Laws in Phase Space

Version 1 : Received: 19 October 2020 / Approved: 19 October 2020 / Online: 19 October 2020 (16:04:39 CEST)

How to cite: Huang, C.; Huang, Y. General Canonical Variational Principle and Noether Theorem, Their New Classical and Quantum Physics, Solution to Crisis Deducing All Physics Laws in Phase Space. Preprints 2020, 2020100398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0398.v1). Huang, C.; Huang, Y. General Canonical Variational Principle and Noether Theorem, Their New Classical and Quantum Physics, Solution to Crisis Deducing All Physics Laws in Phase Space. Preprints 2020, 2020100398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0398.v1).

Abstract

This paper discovers that current canonical variational principle and canonical Noether theorem of (in)finite freedom systems for different physics systems have neglected doublet extreme value processes of the general extreme value functional that both is derived by variational principle and is necessarily be taken in deriving all ( quantum ) physics laws in phase space, but which have not been done for over one century since Noether's showing her distinguished theorem, which lead to the crisis deriving all (quantum) physics laws (necessary) in phase space. We discover there is the hidden logic cycle that people assume canonical equations, and then they finally deduce canonical equations by the equivalent relation in the whole processes in all current references. We correct the current key mistake concepts that when physics systems take the variational extreme values, the appearing processes of the physics systems are real physics processes, otherwise, are virtual processes in all current references. The real physics should be what after taking the physics systems' variational extreme values, the physics systems' general extremum functional needs to further take the general extremum functional's minimum absolute extremum zero, otherwise, the appearing processes of physics systems still are virtual processes. Conservation current equations and conservation currents, in phase space, of general canonical variational principle and general canonical Noether theorem are, respectively, deduced for the first time. Using the general extremum functionals' doublet extreme value processes, the hidden logic cycle and the crisis in current canonical variational principle and current canonical Noether theorem are solved. Consequently, the new mathematical pictures, classical and quantum new physics in phase space and the new mathematical and physical doublet extremum processes for (in)finite freedom systems are discovered. General canonical variational principle and general canonical Noether theorem naturally are given, which would rewrite all the different sciences in phase space, as key tools of studying and dealing with them.

Subject Areas

canonical variational principle; canonical Noether theorem; mathematical physics; fundamental interaction; physics law; unification theory; classical and quatum new physics in phase space

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