Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Environment Resilient Rice Stubble Management Technique for Wheat Sowing in Zero Tillage Happy Seeder

Version 1 : Received: 14 October 2020 / Approved: 16 October 2020 / Online: 16 October 2020 (07:24:43 CEST)

How to cite: Shehzadi, M.; KHALIQ, A.; Shafqat, M.; UL SHER, R.; AHMAD, A.; YOUNUS, M.; YASIN, M. Environment Resilient Rice Stubble Management Technique for Wheat Sowing in Zero Tillage Happy Seeder. Preprints 2020, 2020100336 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0336.v1). Shehzadi, M.; KHALIQ, A.; Shafqat, M.; UL SHER, R.; AHMAD, A.; YOUNUS, M.; YASIN, M. Environment Resilient Rice Stubble Management Technique for Wheat Sowing in Zero Tillage Happy Seeder. Preprints 2020, 2020100336 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0336.v1).

Abstract

Rice wheat cropping system prevailed in more than fifty percent areas of rice belt of central and upper Punjab. In this area yield of wheat is curtailed every year due to late harvesting of rice crop. In addition to this, lack of machinery for direct sowing of wheat into combine harvested rice is a major limitation for timely wheat sowing due to presence of heavy straw load dropped by the combine harvester. A field experiment was planned and executed during two consecutive years 2017-18 and 2018-19 at Agronomic Research Station Farooqabad to evaluate the various stubble management techniques for the sowing of wheat in a rice-wheat cropping system. The Experiment consist of four treatments Happy seeder (Zero tillage), conventional sowing without burning of rice stubble, Rotavator two times, and Conventional sowing with the burning of rice stubble. The trail was arranged as a Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications having a net plot size of 8 m x 20 m. The Treatments have significant effects on Plant height, Number of productive tillers, 1000- grain weight, and grain yield. Maximum plant height (94.74 and 94.25 cm), numbers of productive tillers/m2 (324.00 and 322.25), 1000-grain weight (36.35 and 36.20 g), grain yield (3780 and 3613 kg/ha), and benefit-cost ratio (2.54 and 2.43) were recorded from the treatment happy seeder (Zero tillage) during both years respectively. It is concluded that the sowing of wheat with a happy seeder (Zero tillage) is an appropriate technique in the rice-wheat cropping system by protecting the environment and soil health from the burning of rice stubbles.

Subject Areas

Stubble management; Tillage system; Rice wheat cropping system; happy seeder

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