Preprint Concept Paper Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Next Million Names for Archaea and Bacteria

Version 1 : Received: 6 October 2020 / Approved: 7 October 2020 / Online: 7 October 2020 (15:08:01 CEST)

How to cite: Pallen, M.J.; Telatin, A.; Oren, A. The Next Million Names for Archaea and Bacteria. Preprints 2020, 2020100160 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0160.v1). Pallen, M.J.; Telatin, A.; Oren, A. The Next Million Names for Archaea and Bacteria. Preprints 2020, 2020100160 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0160.v1).

Abstract

Latin binomials, popularised in the eighteenth century by the Swedish naturalist Linnaeus, have stood the test of time in providing a stable, clear and memorable system of nomenclature across biology. However, relentless and ever-deeper exploration and analysis of the microbial world has created an urgent unmet need for huge numbers of new names for Archaea and Bacteria. Manual creation of such names remains difficult and slow and typically relies on expert-driven nomenclatural quality control. Keen to ensure the legacy of Linnaeus lives on in the age of microbial genomics and metagenomics, we propose an automated approach, employing combinatorial concatenation of roots from Latin and Greek to create linguistically correct names for genera and species that can be used off the shelf as needed. As proof of principle, we document over a million new names for Bacteria and Archaea. We are confident that our approach provides a road map for how to create new names for decades to come.

Supplementary and Associated Material

Subject Areas

nomenclature; Candidatus; metagenome-assembled genomes; genome-based taxonomy

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