Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Understanding the Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Emergency Surgical Care Delivery in India: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

Version 1 : Received: 3 October 2020 / Approved: 5 October 2020 / Online: 5 October 2020 (13:02:31 CEST)

How to cite: Gadgil, A.; Bhandoria, G.; Khajanchi, M.; Sarang, B.; K.V, D.; Bhandarkar, P.; Mohan, M.; Shah, P.; Bains, L.; Rattan, A.; Sharma, N.; Mishra, A.; Bavishi, D.; Hindocha, J.; Arora, S.; Kant, R.; Belekar, D.; Wadhavan, R.; Satoskar, R.; Prajapati, R.; Shrivastava, S.; Kamble, P.; Maydeo, N.; Gokhale, A.; Roy, N. Understanding the Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Emergency Surgical Care Delivery in India: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100087 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0087.v1). Gadgil, A.; Bhandoria, G.; Khajanchi, M.; Sarang, B.; K.V, D.; Bhandarkar, P.; Mohan, M.; Shah, P.; Bains, L.; Rattan, A.; Sharma, N.; Mishra, A.; Bavishi, D.; Hindocha, J.; Arora, S.; Kant, R.; Belekar, D.; Wadhavan, R.; Satoskar, R.; Prajapati, R.; Shrivastava, S.; Kamble, P.; Maydeo, N.; Gokhale, A.; Roy, N. Understanding the Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Emergency Surgical Care Delivery in India: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100087 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0087.v1).

Abstract

Background: The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown have adversely affected global health care services to varying extent. Emergency Services were also affected along with elective surgeries, which were deferred to accommodate the added burden of COVID 19 affected patients, on the healthcare systems. We aimed to assess the change in delivery of essential and emergency surgeries due to the pandemic. Methodology: A research consortium led by WHO Collaboration Centre (WHOCC) for Research in Surgical Care Delivery in Low- and Middle-Income countries (LMIC), India, conducted this retrospective cross-sectional study with 12 recruited centers. All surgeries performed during the months of April 2020 were compared with those performed in April 2019. These surgeries were stratified into emergency and elective, and further categorized based on NHS surgery prioritization documents. Results: A total of 4396 surgeries were performed at these centers in April 2019 and 1216 surgeries were performed in same month during 2020, yielding a fall of 72.3% (1216 /4396).We found a 54% reduction in emergency surgeries and a 91% reduction in the elective surgeries. Number of cesarean sections reduced by 29.7% and fracture surgeries declined by 85.3% Laparotomies and surgeries for local soft tissue infections with necrotic tissue reduced by 71.7% and 69.5% respectively. Conclusion: Our study quantifies the effects of COVID 19 pandemic on surgical care delivery in India and documents that the overall surgical volume reduced by three fourths in the pandemic period. Emergency surgeries reduced to half when compared with pre-pandemic period. Cesarean section surgeries were affected the least by pandemic, whereas the fracture surgeries and laparotomies were affected the most.

Subject Areas

India; COVID-19 pandemic; Cancellation of surgeries; Global lockdown; Low- and Middle-income country; Emergency surgeries

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