Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli is a serious-global public health issue. A total of 292 E. coli isolates obtained from fecal samples of pigs in Central (n = 103) and Northeastern (n = 189) provinces of Thailand were included in this study. Eighty-six E. coli isolates were phenotypically confirmed to be β-lactamase producers (29.5%) and screened for the presence of β-lactamase genes. The genes in CTX-M family was most frequently found (90.7%). The blaCTX-M-15 gene (59.3%) was predominantly identified CTX-M genotype, followed by blaCTX-M-14 (31.4%) and blaCTX-M-4 (25.6%). The blaTEM-1 gene was prevalent (75.6%). The blaCTX-M-4 and blaCTX-M-14 genes were located on conjugative plasmid. The results highlight healthy pigs as reservoirs of ESBL-producing E. coli carrying ESBL genes that could be horizontally transferred.
ESBL; Escherichia coli; Pigs; Thailand
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