Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Predicting Spatial Crime Occurrences through an Efficient Ensemble-Learning Model

Version 1 : Received: 11 September 2020 / Approved: 14 September 2020 / Online: 14 September 2020 (00:53:30 CEST)

How to cite: Lamari, Y.; Freskura, B.; Abdessamad, A.; Eichberg, S.; de Bonviller, S. Predicting Spatial Crime Occurrences through an Efficient Ensemble-Learning Model. Preprints 2020, 2020090318 Lamari, Y.; Freskura, B.; Abdessamad, A.; Eichberg, S.; de Bonviller, S. Predicting Spatial Crime Occurrences through an Efficient Ensemble-Learning Model. Preprints 2020, 2020090318

Abstract

While the use of crime data has been widely advocated in the literature, its availability is often limited to large urban cities and isolated databases tend not to allow for spatial comparisons. This paper presents an efficient machine learning framework capable of predicting spatial crime occurrences, without using past crime as a predictor, and at a relatively high resolution: the U.S. Census Block Group level. The proposed framework is based on an in-depth multidisciplinary literature review allowing the selection of 188 best-fit crime predictors from socio-economic, demographic, spatial, and environmental data. Such data are published periodically for the entire United States. The selection of the appropriate predictive model was made through a comparative study of different machine learning families of algorithms, including generalized linear models, deep learning, and ensemble learning. The gradient boosting model was found to yield the most accurate predictions for violent crimes, property crimes, motor vehicle thefts, vandalism, and the total count of crimes. Extensive experiments on real-world datasets of crimes reported in 11 U.S. cities demonstrated that the proposed framework achieves an accuracy of 73 and 77% when predicting property crimes and violent crimes, respectively.

Subject Areas

Crime prediction; Ensemble Learning; Machine Learning; Regression

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