Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study on The Influence of Chemical Nature of Fillers on Rheological and Fatigue Behaviour of Bitumen Emulsion Mastic

Version 1 : Received: 10 September 2020 / Approved: 13 September 2020 / Online: 13 September 2020 (11:46:24 CEST)

How to cite: Al-Mohammedawi, A.; Mollenhauer, K. A Study on The Influence of Chemical Nature of Fillers on Rheological and Fatigue Behaviour of Bitumen Emulsion Mastic. Preprints 2020, 2020090278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0278.v1). Al-Mohammedawi, A.; Mollenhauer, K. A Study on The Influence of Chemical Nature of Fillers on Rheological and Fatigue Behaviour of Bitumen Emulsion Mastic. Preprints 2020, 2020090278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0278.v1).

Abstract

Recently Cold Bitumen Emulsion (CBE) mixture technologies have been developed to lower the pavement construction temperatures to reduce the environmental costs and control the gas emissions. Due to its poor early mechanical strength, active fillers (i.e. cement) have been used to obtain high early stiffness in order to have the potential for timely construction of the next layer. There is, however, a lack of understanding about the impact of active fillers nature on viscoelastic behaviour and fatigue damage resistance of CBE mastics. This study, therefore, aims to identify the influence of active fillers on the rheological properties and the resulted fatigue behaviour of CBE mastic, supported by chemical analysis for the filler-bitumen emulsion. For this aim, bitumen emulsion was mixed separately with seven fillers/blended fillers to prepare the CBE mastics. Various experiments include continuous pH monitoring tests (chemical reactivity of filler-bitumen emulsion), Strain sweep (SS) tests, Temperature-Frequency Sweep (TFS) tests, Time Sweep (TS) tests, and Linear Amplitude Sweep (LAS) tests were conducted on the CBE binder and the prepared mastics. Results show that the rheological performance and the fatigue damage resistance is not only dependent on the filler inclusions, but it significantly relies on filler type and chemistry. Based on that, the raise in complex shear modulus and the decrease in viscous components were associated with a significant enhancement in fatigue performance for specific filler.

Subject Areas

Active filler; Bitumen emulsion mastic; Dynamic shear rheometer; Viscoelasticity; Fatigue cracking resistance

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