Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Different Light Regimes on the Mycoparasitic Activity and the Production of the Secondary Metabolite 6-Pentyl-α-Pyrone in Two Strains of Trichoderma Atroviride

Version 1 : Received: 8 September 2020 / Approved: 11 September 2020 / Online: 11 September 2020 (08:49:15 CEST)

How to cite: Moreno-Ruiz, D.; Fuchs, A.; Missbach, K.; Schuhmacher, R.; Zeilinger, S. Influence of Different Light Regimes on the Mycoparasitic Activity and the Production of the Secondary Metabolite 6-Pentyl-α-Pyrone in Two Strains of Trichoderma Atroviride. Preprints 2020, 2020090251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0251.v1). Moreno-Ruiz, D.; Fuchs, A.; Missbach, K.; Schuhmacher, R.; Zeilinger, S. Influence of Different Light Regimes on the Mycoparasitic Activity and the Production of the Secondary Metabolite 6-Pentyl-α-Pyrone in Two Strains of Trichoderma Atroviride. Preprints 2020, 2020090251 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0251.v1).

Abstract

The ascomycete Trichoderma atroviride is well known for its mycoparasitic lifestyle. Similar to other organisms, light is an important cue for T. atroviride. However, besides triggering of conidiation, little is known on the physiological responses of T. atroviride to light. In this study, we analyzed how cultivation under different light wavelengths and regimes impacted the behavior of two T. atroviride wild-type strains, IMI206040 and P1. While colony extension of both strains was slightly affected by light, massive differences in the photoconidation response between the two strains became evident. T. atroviride P1 colonies conidiated under all conditions tested including growth in complete darkness, while IMI206040 required white, blue or green light to trigger asexual reproduction. Interestingly, deletion of the stress-activated MAP kinase-encoding gene tmk3 abolished the ability of strain P1 to conidiate in red and yellow light as well as in darkness. Furthermore, light-dependent differences in the mycoparasitic activity of T. atroviride and in the biosynthesis of the secondary metabolite 6-pentyl--pyrone (6-PP) became evident. 6-PP production was highest upon dark incubation while light, especially exposure to white light as light/dark cycles, had an inhibitory effect on its biosynthesis. We conclude that the response of T. atroviride to light is strain-dependent and impacts differentiation, mycoparasitism and 6-PP production and hence should be considered in experiments testing the mycoparasitic activity of these fungi.

Subject Areas

Trichoderma atroviride; mycoparasitism; secondary metabolites; 6-pentyl-alpha-pyrone; Tmk3 MAP kinase; light; dark

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