Bergami, A.V.; Fiorentino, G.; Lavorato, D.; Briseghella, B.; Nuti, C. Application of the Incremental Modal Pushover Analysis to Bridges Subjected to Near-Fault Ground Motions. Appl. Sci.2020, 10, 6738.
Bergami, A.V.; Fiorentino, G.; Lavorato, D.; Briseghella, B.; Nuti, C. Application of the Incremental Modal Pushover Analysis to Bridges Subjected to Near-Fault Ground Motions. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 6738.
Near-fault ground motions can cause severe damage to civil structures, including bridges. Safety assessment of these structures for near fault ground motion is usually performed through Non-Linear Dynamic Analyses, while faster methods are often used. IMPAb (Incremental Modal Pushover Analysis for Bridges) permits to investigate the seismic response of a bridge by considering the effects of higher modes, which are often relevant for bridges. In this work, IMPAb is applied to a bridge case study considering near-fault pulse-like ground motion records. The records were analyzed and selected from the European Strong Motion Database and the pulse parameters were evaluated. In the paper results from standard pushover procedures and IMPAb are compared with nonlinear Response-History Analysis (NRHA), considering also the vertical component of the motion, as benchmark solutions and incremental dynamic analysis (IDA). Results from the case study demonstrate that the vertical seismic action has a minor influence on the structural response of the bridge. Therefore IMPAb, which can be applied considering vertical motion, remains very effective conserving the original formulation of the procedure, and can be considered a well performing procedure also for near-fault events.
near field; pulse like ground motions; bridge, non-linear static analysis; non-linear dynamic analysis
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