Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Histological Analysis, Bioinformatics Profile, and Expression of Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) in Bovine Testes

Version 1 : Received: 29 August 2020 / Approved: 30 August 2020 / Online: 30 August 2020 (15:00:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Afedo, S.Y.; Cui, Y.; Yu, S.; Liao, B.; Zhao, Z.; Li, H.; Zhang, H.; Zou, S.; Li, D.H.; Zhang, P. Histological Analysis, Bioinformatics Profile, and Expression of Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) in Bovine Testes. Animals 2020, 10, 1731. Afedo, S.Y.; Cui, Y.; Yu, S.; Liao, B.; Zhao, Z.; Li, H.; Zhang, H.; Zou, S.; Li, D.H.; Zhang, P. Histological Analysis, Bioinformatics Profile, and Expression of Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) in Bovine Testes. Animals 2020, 10, 1731.

Journal reference: Animals 2020, 10, 1731
DOI: 10.3390/ani10101731

Abstract

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), an enzyme expressed in mammalian testes exerts direct effect on spermatogenesis; however, its protein characteristics in bovine testes remain unknown. Here, we analysed bovine testicular structure, MTHFR bioinformatics profile, mRNA, and protein expression characteristics in yellow-cattle (y-c) and yak testis using histological procedures, bioinformatics analysis, qRT-PCR, and western blot. Testes from 13 bovines, ≤ 2 years juvenile (y-c, n = 3; yak, n=3) and ≥ 3 years adult (y-c, n = 3; yak, n = 4) were collected and analysed. Anatomical characteristics of testis in y-c and yak were similar except the weight or size for which that of y-c was significantly higher or greater than yak. In y-c, an open reading frame (ORF) for 2600 nucleotides sequence, encoding 655 amino acids showed high homology with zebu cattle (99.51%) and wild yak (98.68%). Secondary and 3D protein structures were similar to that of humans with differences in number of nucleotides, amino acids, and some physico-chemical characteristics. MTHFR mRNA expression in y-c and yak were significantly higher in adult testes compared with juvenile ones. However, its protein expression was higher but not statistically significant in adult y-c and yak compared to the juvenile ones. The highlights and inferences of these and other findings are discussed.

Subject Areas

MTHFR; bovine; bioinformatics; gene expression; testes

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