Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Potential of Bioactive Substances of Piper caninum and Piper betle Var. Nigra Leaves as Biopesticide in Organic Bali Rice

Version 1 : Received: 8 August 2020 / Approved: 9 August 2020 / Online: 9 August 2020 (22:38:01 CEST)

How to cite: Suriani, N.L.; Suprapta, D.N.; Nazir, N.; Susun Parwanayoni, N.M.; Ketut Darmad, A.A.; Andya Dewi, D.; Sudatri, N.W.; Fudholi, A.; Sayyed, R.Z.; Syed, A.; Bahkali6, A.H. Potential of Bioactive Substances of Piper caninum and Piper betle Var. Nigra Leaves as Biopesticide in Organic Bali Rice. Preprints 2020, 2020080230 Suriani, N.L.; Suprapta, D.N.; Nazir, N.; Susun Parwanayoni, N.M.; Ketut Darmad, A.A.; Andya Dewi, D.; Sudatri, N.W.; Fudholi, A.; Sayyed, R.Z.; Syed, A.; Bahkali6, A.H. Potential of Bioactive Substances of Piper caninum and Piper betle Var. Nigra Leaves as Biopesticide in Organic Bali Rice. Preprints 2020, 2020080230

Abstract

Rice is consumed as a staple food by majority of the people in the world and failure in rice crop, due to any reason, poses a severe threat of starvation. Rice blast, caused by a fungus blast has been ranked among the most important plant diseases. It is by far the most threatening disease of ric crop and it is found wherever rice is grown. All of the rice blast disease management strategies that have been employed have limited success and rice blast has never been eliminated from a region in which rice is grown. Hence there is need to look for the best remedy in terms of effectiveness and organic nature of the method etc. This study was aimed to determine the plant growth promoting and biopesticidal effects of bioactive components present in a mixture of Piper caninum and Piper betle var. Nigra leaf extracts. . The extracts were applied in the field to determine their inhibition effects against blast disease, growth and yield improvement.. Extract of both the plants promoted plant growth and exhibited antifungal activity against rice blast fungus, Pyricularia oryzae. However the synergistic effect of the mixture of the two extracts exhibited greater effects than an effect of a single extract. . All treatments reduced the intensity of blast disease on week 15 with disease intensity by 7.90%. The extracts could increase plant height, the numbers of tillers, number of leaves, number of grains per panicle number of heads per panicle, and the full-grain weight hill.. The highest potential yield (t/ha) was observed in the 2% extract treatment, and all treatment results significantly differed from that of the control. The potential grain yield was 3.23 t/ha in the control, while that in the treatment ranged from 3.81 t/ha to 5.61 t/ha. The high grain yield observed with the treatment was caused by the low intensity of blast disease.

Subject Areas

Bioactive substances; Biopesticide; Blast disease; Disease management; Plant growth promotion

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