Preprint Article Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Reliability of the Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (BackPEI) to the Spanish Adolescent Population

Version 1 : Received: 7 August 2020 / Approved: 9 August 2020 / Online: 9 August 2020 (15:40:57 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 19 December 2020 / Approved: 21 December 2020 / Online: 21 December 2020 (13:45:06 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 21 December 2020 / Approved: 22 December 2020 / Online: 22 December 2020 (16:03:09 CET)

How to cite: Miñana-Signes, V.; Monfort-Pañego, M.; Morant, J.; Noll, M. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Reliability of the Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (BackPEI) to the Spanish Adolescent Population. Preprints 2020, 2020080219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0219.v3). Miñana-Signes, V.; Monfort-Pañego, M.; Morant, J.; Noll, M. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Reliability of the Back Pain and Body Posture Evaluation Instrument (BackPEI) to the Spanish Adolescent Population. Preprints 2020, 2020080219 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0219.v3).

Abstract

The prevalence of back pain (BP) among children and adolescents has increased over recent years. Some authors advocate promoting back-health education in the school setting. It is therefore important to adopt a uniform suite of assessment instruments to measure the various constructs. The present study aimed to perform a cultural adaptation of a validated measurement instrument (BackPEI), beginning with a translation and cultural adaptation phase, followed by a second phase to test reliability using a test-retest design. The translation and cross-cultural adaptation were performed based on the guidelines. Reliability was tested by applying the questionnaire to 224 secondary school students, at two different times with a 7-day interval between the tests. In general, the Spanish version presented adequate agreement for questions 1–20, with only question 9 achieving a low Kappa range of .312 [-.152- .189]. The question about pain intensity did not show differences between the averages for the test (4.72 ± 2.33) and re-test (4.58 ± 2.37) (p = .333), and the responses for these two tests were highly correlated (ICC= .951 [.928- .966]; p= .0001). Psychometric testing indicated that the Spanish version of the BackPEI is well-adapted and reliable, based on the test-retest design, providing similar results to the original Brazilian version.

Subject Areas

Questionnaire; back health; assessment; cross-cultural adaptation; adolescents; secondary school

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 22 December 2020
Commenter: Vicente Miñana-Signes
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: You have use a new template and changed some descriptions
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