Rodriguez, L.; Yi, C.; Chu, C.; Duriez, Q.; Watanabe, S.; Ryu, M.; Reyes, B.; Asatryan, L.; Boué-Grabot, E.; Davies, D. Cross-Talk between P2X and NMDA Receptors. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2020, 21, 7187.
Rodriguez, L.; Yi, C.; Chu, C.; Duriez, Q.; Watanabe, S.; Ryu, M.; Reyes, B.; Asatryan, L.; Boué-Grabot, E.; Davies, D. Cross-Talk between P2X and NMDA Receptors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 7187.
Purinergic receptors (P2X) are ATP-gated ion channels with an elusive role in the CNS. While the P2X2 and P2X4 subtypes are widely expressed in most neurons (i.e. at the edge of the postsynaptic densities of excitatory synapses), the direct contribution of P2X to synaptic transmission is uncertain. Several P2X have been shown to participate in receptor cross-talk: an interaction where one receptor (e.g. P2X2) influences the activity of another (e.g. GABA or AMPA receptors.) In this study, we tested for interactions between P2X2 or P2X4 and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Using two-electrode voltage-clamp electrophysiology experiments in X. laevis oocytes, we demonstrate that both P2X2 and P2X4 interact with NMDARs in an inhibitory manner. When investigating the molecular domains responsible for this phenomenon, we found that the P2X2 c-terminus (CT) could interfere with P2X2 and P2X4 interactions with NMDARs. We also report that 11 distal CT residues on the P2X4 facilitate the P2X4-NMDAR interaction, and that a peptide consisting of these P2X4 CT residues (11C) can disrupt the interaction between NMDARs and P2X2 or P2X4. Collectively, these results provide new evidence for the modulatory nature of P2X2 and P2X4, suggesting they might play a more nuanced role in the CNS.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.