Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Improving of Cherry Fruit Quality and Bearing Regularity by Chemical Thinning with Fertilizer

Version 1 : Received: 27 July 2020 / Approved: 31 July 2020 / Online: 31 July 2020 (04:54:38 CEST)

How to cite: Kurlus, R.; Rutkowski, K.; Łysiak, G.P. Improving of Cherry Fruit Quality and Bearing Regularity by Chemical Thinning with Fertilizer. Preprints 2020, 2020070730 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0730.v1). Kurlus, R.; Rutkowski, K.; Łysiak, G.P. Improving of Cherry Fruit Quality and Bearing Regularity by Chemical Thinning with Fertilizer. Preprints 2020, 2020070730 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0730.v1).

Abstract

The study’s objective was to evaluate the influence of thinning on the quality and regularity of yield of 'Regina' cherries grown on a dwarf Gisela 5 rootstock. The experiments were conducted in the years 2009-2012 in Western Poland. Trees were thinned using a chemical agent, ammonium thiosulphate (ATS) at doses of 20g ATS × L-1, 30g ATS × L-1 and 40g ATS × L-1, and by hand, and the results of chemical and hand thinning were compared with those obtained for unthinned trees. The course of weather conditions in winter and during flowering had a significant impact on yield. Chemical thinning is known to be an effective method to regulate fruiting of pome trees, but it can also be successful if applied to cherry trees, as reflected by the alternate bearing index, which was the lowest after applying ATS at a dose of 40g. ATS treatment improved fruit quality in full crop years. Thinning resulted in, among other things, larger and darker fruit and higher content of total soluble solids and titratable acidity. Treatment with 40g ATS × L-1 significantly stimulated the vegetative growth of trees.

Subject Areas

TSS; fruit quality; firmness; ammonium thiosulphate; skin colour; tree vigour; thinning of flowers

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