Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Children's Nutritional Status and Community Management in a School Community in Africa

Version 1 : Received: 23 July 2020 / Approved: 24 July 2020 / Online: 24 July 2020 (14:49:10 CEST)

How to cite: Melo, P.; Sousa, M.I.; Dimande, M.M.; Taboada, S.; Nogueira, A.; Pinto, C.; Figueiredo, M.H.; Nguyen, T.; Martinéz-Riéra, J. Children's Nutritional Status and Community Management in a School Community in Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020070600 Melo, P.; Sousa, M.I.; Dimande, M.M.; Taboada, S.; Nogueira, A.; Pinto, C.; Figueiredo, M.H.; Nguyen, T.; Martinéz-Riéra, J. Children's Nutritional Status and Community Management in a School Community in Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020070600

Abstract

Objectives: to identify the nutritional status of children in a school community and to identify the nursing diagnosis in the community management focus for the promotion of child health and healthy eating in that community. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of children using anthropometric data, including brachial perimeter and the tricipital skinfold, in a sample of 227 children, from which the brachial mass area and brachial fat area, and the respective Z Scores were calculated. To assess community management we surveyed 176 parents and 49 education professionals, using a questionnaire based on the MAIEC clinical decision matrix as a reference. Results: we identified severe malnutrition in most children (51.3%) and a community management committed to the promotion of child health and healthy eating in more than 70% of the community members (parents and education professionals). Conclusion: Children’s nutritional status and diagnosis in community management were identified. The need to intervene in a multidisciplinary approach has become objective, with the school community as the unit of care, in a systemic perspective, regarding to the application of the Nursing process.

Subject Areas

Nutritional Surveillance; Public Health; Community Health Nursing; Public Health Nursing; Children’s health; Community Participation

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