Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Linear and Nonlinear Dynamic Methods towards Investigating Proprioception Impairment in Non-specific Low Back Pain Patients

Version 1 : Received: 19 July 2020 / Approved: 20 July 2020 / Online: 20 July 2020 (11:39:23 CEST)

How to cite: Shokouhyan, S.M.; Davoudi, M.; Hoviattalab, M.; Abedi, M.; Bervis, S.; Parnianpour, M.; Brumagne, S.; Khalaf, K. Linear and Nonlinear Dynamic Methods towards Investigating Proprioception Impairment in Non-specific Low Back Pain Patients. Preprints 2020, 2020070470 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0470.v1). Shokouhyan, S.M.; Davoudi, M.; Hoviattalab, M.; Abedi, M.; Bervis, S.; Parnianpour, M.; Brumagne, S.; Khalaf, K. Linear and Nonlinear Dynamic Methods towards Investigating Proprioception Impairment in Non-specific Low Back Pain Patients. Preprints 2020, 2020070470 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0470.v1).

Abstract

Central nervous system (CNS) uses vision, vestibular, and somatosensory information to maintain body stability. Research has shown that there is more lumbar proprioception error among low back pain (LBP) individuals as compared to healthy people. In this study, two groups of 20 healthy people and 20 non-specific low back pain participants (LBP) took part in this investigation. This investigation focused on somatosensory sensors and in order to alter proprioception, a vibrator (frequency of 70Hz, amplitude of 0.5 mm) was placed on the soleus muscle area of each leg and two vibrators were placed bilaterally across the lower back muscles. Individuals, whose vision was occluded, were placed on two surfaces (foam and rigid) on force plate, and trunk angles were recorded simultaneously. Tests were performed in 8 separate trials; the independent variables were vibration (4 levels) and surface (2 levels) for within subjects and 2 groups (healthy and LBP) for between subjects (4×2×2). MANOVA and multi-factor ANOVA tests were done. Linear parameters for center of pressure (COP) (deviation of amplitude, deviation of velocity, phase plane portrait (PPP), and overall mean velocity) and nonlinear parameters for COP and trunk angle ((recurrence quantification analysis) RQA and Lyapunov exponents) were chosen as dependent variables. Results indicated that NSLBP individuals relied more on ankle proprioception for postural stability. Similarly, RQA parameters for the COP on both sides and for the trunk sagittal angle indicated more repeated patterns of movement among the LBP cohort. Analysis of short and long Lyapunov exponents showed that people with LBP caused no use of all joints in their bodies (non-flexible), are less stable than healthy subjects.

Subject Areas

Posture control; low back pain; COP; proprioception; Recurrence Quantification Analysis; Vibrator

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