: Received: 18 July 2020 / Approved: 19 July 2020 / Online: 19 July 2020 (20:40:29 CEST)
: Received: 31 August 2020 / Approved: 1 September 2020 / Online: 1 September 2020 (12:03:47 CEST)
Lo, S.C.; Xie, Z.-R.; Chang, K.Y. Structural and Functional Enrichment Analyses for Antimicrobial Peptides. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2020, 21, 8783.
Lo, S.C.; Xie, Z.-R.; Chang, K.Y. Structural and Functional Enrichment Analyses for Antimicrobial Peptides. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8783.
Whether there is any inclination between structures and functions of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) is a mystery yet to be unraveled. AMPs have various structures associated with many different antimicrobial functions, including antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, antiparasitic and antiviral activities. However, none has yet reported any antimicrobial functional tendency within a specific category of protein/peptide structures nor any structural tendency of a specific antimicrobial function with respect to AMPs. Here we examine the relationships between structures categorized by three structural classification methods (CATH, SCOP and TM) and seven antimicrobial functions with respect to AMPs using an enrichment analysis. The results show that antifungal activities of AMPs were tightly related to two-layer sandwich structure of CATH, knottin fold of SCOP, and the first structural cluster of TM. The associations with knottin and TM cluster 1 even sustained through the AMPs with a low sequence identity. Besides, another significant mutual enrichment was observed between the third cluster of TM and anti-gram-positive-bacterial/anti-gram-negative-bacterial activities. The findings of the structure-function inclination further our understanding of AMPs and could help us design or discover new therapeutic potential AMPs.
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