Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Level of Knowledge, Attitude and Perception About COVID-19 Pandemic and Infection Control: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Veterinarians in Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2020 / Approved: 15 July 2020 / Online: 15 July 2020 (12:27:50 CEST)

How to cite: Adenubi, O.; Adebowale, O.; Oloye, A.; Bankole, N.; Adesokan, H.; Fadipe, O.; Ayo-Ajayi, P.; Akinloye, A. Level of Knowledge, Attitude and Perception About COVID-19 Pandemic and Infection Control: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Veterinarians in Nigeria. Preprints 2020, 2020070337 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0337.v1). Adenubi, O.; Adebowale, O.; Oloye, A.; Bankole, N.; Adesokan, H.; Fadipe, O.; Ayo-Ajayi, P.; Akinloye, A. Level of Knowledge, Attitude and Perception About COVID-19 Pandemic and Infection Control: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Veterinarians in Nigeria. Preprints 2020, 2020070337 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0337.v1).

Abstract

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused mankind serious confusion, economic havoc and psychological distress. This study evaluated the level of knowledge, attitude and perception about COVID-19 pandemic, infection control and impact among veterinarians in Nigeria. A cross-sectional online survey was used to collect data from consenting respondents during implementation of lockdown in the country (April 23 - May 31, 2020). Purposive and chain referral sampling techniques were used to recruit 368 respondents from various sectors of the profession. The proportion of respondents surveyed 197/368 (53.5 %) were from the public sector, 35.3 % from private sector, 1.1 % were unemployed and 0.8 % retired. Majority of the respondents were males (72.8 %), within 30 – 39 years (39.7 %) and had 1 – 10 years work experience. Respondents displayed good level of knowledge about COVID-19 (72.4 % ± 9.9 %, range 44.1-91.2 %), with information mostly derived from TV/Radio (81.5%) and social media (81.0 %). The overall attitude level was poor and various determinants for good attitude among respondents were if they were above 60 years (p = 0.013), possessed postgraduate qualification ( p = 0.031), worked over 30 years post DVM (p = 0.001), had household members between 5 and 10 (p = 0.012), and were resident in states on total lockdown (p = 0.024). There was no correlation between the knowledge level score and respondents’ attitude towards the pandemic (p = 0.12). With increasing rate of COVID-19 transmission, research data are needed to develop evidence-driven strategies, policies and effective risk mitigations to reduce the pandemic’s adverse impacts.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; Risk; Knowledge; Attitude; Perception; Veterinarian; Nigeria

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