Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Proper Grain Diameter Composition Can Transform Useless Domestic Sand into Micro - Proppant for Unconventional Reservoirs in Poland

Version 1 : Received: 10 July 2020 / Approved: 11 July 2020 / Online: 11 July 2020 (08:50:26 CEST)

How to cite: Knez, D.; Wiśniowski, R.; Owusu, W.A. Proper Grain Diameter Composition Can Transform Useless Domestic Sand into Micro - Proppant for Unconventional Reservoirs in Poland. Preprints 2020, 2020070232 Knez, D.; Wiśniowski, R.; Owusu, W.A. Proper Grain Diameter Composition Can Transform Useless Domestic Sand into Micro - Proppant for Unconventional Reservoirs in Poland. Preprints 2020, 2020070232

Abstract

The paper investigates the possible use of a low strength domestic sand (D) (up to today useless – not considered as proppant source) of small particle sizes, instead to that of high strength imported commercial sand (C), as a prospective micro-proppant for low permeability reservoirs in Poland. There is need to develop national unconventional gas resources like tight gas, shale gas and coalbed methane. An important energy source of value and readily available in Poland is coal. The basins of this resource are large and bears low permeability coalbed methane reservoirs which needs to be developed to contribute to the energy security, economy and environmental needs of the country. These reservoirs need technological assistance such as hydraulic fracturing which makes use of proppants for development. Most of the commonly used proppants over the years for fracturing have been large grain size commercial proppants of high strength material content bought abroad. Investigated finer proppants are known to have the ability to penetrate narrow fracture networks to ensure effective high reservoir volume and conductivity for production. Results from presented laboratory research shows the D - proppant, which is cheaper and readily available, has the 3K class with low settling rates as a potential micro-proppant for effective transportation, enhancement of conductivity and production rate in the narrow fractures of low permeability reservoirs. Future using of domestic proppant will decrease stimulation cost and will have positive impact on the environment due to omitting long distance transportation from abroad.

Subject Areas

Proppant; Hydraulic Fracturing; Unconventional Reservoir; Sand; Settling Rate; Crush Rate; Mesh Size; Grain Diameter; Proppant composition; Micro proppant

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