Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Cosmological OTOC: Formulating New Cosmological Micro-Canonical Correlation Functions for Random Chaotic Fluctuations in Out-of-Equilibrium Quantum Statistical Field Theory

Version 1 : Received: 2 July 2020 / Approved: 3 July 2020 / Online: 3 July 2020 (12:24:15 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Choudhury, S. :THE COSMOLOGICAL OTOC: Formulating New Cosmological Micro-Canonical Correlation Functions for Random Chaotic Fluctuations in Out-of-Equilibrium Quantum Statistical Field Theory. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1527. Choudhury, S. :THE COSMOLOGICAL OTOC: Formulating New Cosmological Micro-Canonical Correlation Functions for Random Chaotic Fluctuations in Out-of-Equilibrium Quantum Statistical Field Theory. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1527.

Journal reference: Symmetry 2020, 12, 1527
DOI: 10.3390/sym12091527

Abstract

The out-of-time-ordered correlation (OTOC) function is an important new probe in quantum field theory which is treated as a significant measure of random quantum correlations. In this paper, with the slogan "Cosmology meets Condensed Matter Physics" we demonstrate a formalism using which for the first time we compute the Cosmological OTOC during the stochastic particle production during inflation and reheating following canonical quantization technique. In this computation, two dynamical time scales are involved, out of them at one time scale the cosmological perturbation variable and for the other the canonically conjugate momentum is defined, which is the strict requirement to define time scale separated quantum operators for OTOC and perfectly consistent with the general definition of OTOC. Most importantly, using the present formalism not only one can study the quantum correlation during stochastic inflation and reheating, but also study quantum correlation for any random events in Cosmology. Next, using the late time exponential decay of cosmological OTOC with respect to the dynamical time scale of our universe which is associated with the canonically conjugate momentum operator in this formalism we study the phenomena of quantum chaos by computing the expression for {\it Lyapunov spectrum}. Further, using the well known Maldacena Shenker Stanford (MSS) bound, on Lyapunov exponent, λ≤2π/β, we propose a lower bound on the equilibrium temperature, T=1/β, at the very late time scale of the universe. On the other hand, with respect to the other time scale with which the perturbation variable is associated, we find decreasing but not exponentially decaying behaviour, which quantifies the random correlation at out-of-equilibrium. Finally, we have studied the classical limit of the OTOC to check the consistency with the large time limiting behaviour.

Subject Areas

Theoretical Cosmology; Quantum Chaos in Cosmology; Random Quantum Correlation in Cosmology; Quantum Correlation at Out-of-equilibrium

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