Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection of Fraud Transactions Using Recurrent Neural Network during COVID-19

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2020 / Approved: 30 June 2020 / Online: 30 June 2020 (11:34:34 CEST)

How to cite: Bandyopadhyay, S.; DUTTA, S. Detection of Fraud Transactions Using Recurrent Neural Network during COVID-19. Preprints 2020, 2020060368 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0368.v1). Bandyopadhyay, S.; DUTTA, S. Detection of Fraud Transactions Using Recurrent Neural Network during COVID-19. Preprints 2020, 2020060368 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0368.v1).

Abstract

Online transactions are becoming more popular in present situation where the globe is facing an unknown disease COVID-19. Now authorities of Countries requested peoples to use cashless transaction as far as possible. Practically it is not always possible to use it in all transactions. Since number of such cashless transactions have been increasing during lockdown period due to COVID-19, fraudulent transactions are also increasing in a rapid way. Fraud can be analysed by viewing a series of customer transactions data that was done in his/her previous transactions. Normally banks or other transaction authorities warned their customers about the transaction If any deviation is noticed by them from available patterns. These authorities think that it is possibly of fraudulent transaction. For detection of fraud during COVID-19, banks and credit card companies are applying various methods such as data mining , decision tree, rule based mining, neural network, fuzzy clustering approach and machine learning methods. These approaches is try to find out normal usage pattern of customers based on their past activities. The objective of this paper is to find out such fraud transactions during such unmanageable situation.Digital payment schemes are often threatened by fraudulent activities. Detecting fraud transaction in during money transfer may save customers from financial loss. Mobile based money transactions are focused in this paper for fraud detection. A Deep Learning (DL) framework is suggested in this paper that monitors and detects fraudulent activities. Implementing and applying recurrent neural network on PaySim generated synthetic financial dataset, deceptive transactions are identified. The proposed method is capable to detect deceptive transactions with an accuracy of 99.87%, F1-Score of 0.99 and MSE of 0.01.

Subject Areas

Fraud Detection; Recurrent Neural Network; PaySim; Financial Transactions; Deep Learning

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