Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Understanding Livelihood Characteristics and Vulnerabilities of Small-scale Fishers in Coastal Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 23 June 2020 / Approved: 24 June 2020 / Online: 24 June 2020 (14:34:34 CEST)

How to cite: Sunny, A.R.; Prodhan, S.H.; Ashrafuzzaman, M.; Sazzad, S.A.; Mithun, M.H.; Haider, K.N.; Alam, M.T. Understanding Livelihood Characteristics and Vulnerabilities of Small-scale Fishers in Coastal Bangladesh. Preprints 2020, 2020060303 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0303.v1). Sunny, A.R.; Prodhan, S.H.; Ashrafuzzaman, M.; Sazzad, S.A.; Mithun, M.H.; Haider, K.N.; Alam, M.T. Understanding Livelihood Characteristics and Vulnerabilities of Small-scale Fishers in Coastal Bangladesh. Preprints 2020, 2020060303 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0303.v1).

Abstract

Small-scale fishers are considered as one of the most vulnerable communities in Bangladesh but very few studies focused on the livelihood sustainability and vulnerabilities of this professional group. A fieldwork in lower Padma and upper Meghna hilsa sanctuaries identifies different livelihood characters and associated vulnerabilities of the fishers. A conceptual framework known as Sustainable Livelihood Approaches (SLA) has been introduced to analyses the qualitative and quantitative data. The insights of the livelihood strategies provide on small-scale fishers and fisheries management have been explained and explored. Fishers are found solely dependent on fishing, economically insolvent and neglected. In addition, some socio-economic abstractions such as low income, credit insolvency, lack of substitute earning flexibility make them more vulnerable. A number of effective suggestions are elicited from fishers’ perceptions, the implementation of which is crucial to ensure livelihood sustainability of the small-scale fishers.

Subject Areas

Livelihoods; Sustainability; Vulnerability; Small-scale Fishers; Bangladesh

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