Working Paper Review Version 3 This version is not peer-reviewed

The State of Experimental Research on Community Interventions to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions - A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 20 June 2020 / Approved: 21 June 2020 / Online: 21 June 2020 (09:46:01 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 17 August 2020 / Approved: 20 August 2020 / Online: 20 August 2020 (09:10:52 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 2 September 2020 / Approved: 3 September 2020 / Online: 3 September 2020 (02:54:04 CEST)

How to cite: Biglan, A.; Bonner, A.C.; Johansson, M.; Ghai, J.L.; Van Ryzin, M.J.; Dubuc, T.L.; Seniuk, H.A.; Fiebig, J.H.; Coyne, L.W. The State of Experimental Research on Community Interventions to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions - A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020060244 Biglan, A.; Bonner, A.C.; Johansson, M.; Ghai, J.L.; Van Ryzin, M.J.; Dubuc, T.L.; Seniuk, H.A.; Fiebig, J.H.; Coyne, L.W. The State of Experimental Research on Community Interventions to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions - A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020060244

Abstract

This paper reviews research on community efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We conducted a systematic search of relevant literature and supplemented our findings with an analysis of review papers previously published on the topic. Results indicate that there have been no peer-reviewed experimental evaluations of community-wide interventions to reduce greenhouse gases involving electricity, refrigeration, or food. The lack of findings limits the conclusions which can be made about the efficacy of these efforts. As a result, we are not accumulating effective interventions and some communities may be implementing strategies that are not effective. We advocate the funding of experimental evaluations of multi-sector community interventions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Such interventions would attempt to engage every sector of the community in identifying and implementing policies and practices to reduce emissions. Comprehensive multi-sector interventions are likely to have synergistic effects, such that the total impact is greater than the sum of impact of individual components. We describe the value of interrupted time-series designs as an alternative to randomized trials because these designs confer particular advantages for evaluating strategies in entire communities.

Subject Areas

systematic review; community intervention; greenhouse gas emissions; climate change

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 3 September 2020
Commenter: Magnus Johansson
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Minor revisions based on feedback from editor and one reviewer.
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.